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Data from an experimental study in which researchers sent the resumes of fictitious job applicants to potential employers. The first names of the fictitious applicants was set randomly to sound either Black or white.





: Callback: A data frame with 4870 rows and 4 variables. Each row is one fictitious applicant

  • name: first name of the fictitious job applicant

  • sex: sex of applicant (female or male)

  • callback: whether the potential employer called back to follow up. (1 = yes, 0 = no) Another data frame, Names_and_race: which first names are associated with which race.

An object of class grouped_df (inherits from tbl_df, tbl, data.frame) with 36 rows and 2 columns.


  • Imai, Kosuke. 2017. Quantitative Social Science: An Introduction. Princeton University Press. URL from whence these data were added to this package. In QSS, the data are called resume.

  • Marianne Bertrand and Sendhil Mullainathan (2004) “Are Emily and Greg more employable than Lakisha and Jamal? A field experiment on labor market discrimination.” American Economic Review, vol. 94, no. 4, pp. 991–1013. doi: 10.3386/w9873